Trades at village
It was not rare to meet tanners in the villages of Mount-Lebanon. "To work" the skin, the tanner soaked it in water, which released a suffocating odor. To protect leather from a fast deterioration, he used salt or walnut bark which contains tannic acid.
The tanner scraped then the "flower" side to remove the hairs, then he tightened the still wet skin on a wood framework, let it dry under the sun and degreased the "flesh" side with the scraper.
Using leather, the tanner would make bags, goatskin bottles and shoes. The most important tanning centers were in Jounieh, Zouk Mkayel and in the village of Machghara .
In the XIXe century, the majority of the roads connecting the villages of mountain between themselves were only accessible to pedestrians and saddle animals. The muleteer, el-moukari, used to transport people, fodder, bundles, bags of grains and others …